Chortitza Census of October 14, 1797

Edited by Richard D. Thiessen

This is the first official census taken of the Chortitza settlement, as of October 14, 1797, covering the 228 families which founded the first eight colonies, followed by Schoenwiese and Kronsgarten, founded in 1797, and also adds the 86 families of the 118 families of 1793-96 immigrants, which at the time were still quartered in 7 of the original 8 colonies.
Dr. David G. Rempel

A copy of this census was first brought to North America as a Russian language transcription written by the late Dr. David G. Rempel of California during a research visit to the Central State Historical Archive in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) a number of years ago. The census was copied by hand because the original (fond 383, opus 29, delo 159) was in very poor condition and could not be photocopied.

In 1997 a microfilm copy of the census was made in St. Petersburg and brought to several North American Mennonite archives. In 1998 a typed Russian language transcription written by Peter Rempel of Moscow was purchased by the Manitoba Mennonite Historical Society and brought to Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Copies of the David Rempel transcription have been deposited in several archives throughout North America, including the Center for Mennonite Brethren Studies, Fresno, and the Centre for Mennonite Brethren Studies, Winnipeg (Russia Box 4, Fld. 20, No. 1). The Peter Rempel transcription is at the Centre for Mennonite Brethren Studies, Winnipeg, and the Mennonite Heritage Centre, Winnipeg.

This English translation was compiled by Richard D. Thiessen, Winnipeg, and was revised July 10, 1998.

The census is divided into parts A and B. The heading for part A states that this document shows the number of souls and their economic standing in the Chortitza Mennonite villages and Josephtal colony, district of Ekaterinoslav, province of New Russia. Part A then lists the inhabitants of the following eight villages: Chortitza, Rosental, Insel Chortitza, Einlage, Kronsweide, Neuenburg, Neuendorf, and Schoenhorst. Totals for each village are given, along with a total for all Mennonite villages.

Part A also states that in addition to the present Chortitza villages the Mennonites also have 10 windmills. The total land area for the eight villages that is good for ploughing is 21,460 dessiatine (1 dess. = 2.7 acres = 1.0925 hectares); land that is good for hay making is 987 dessiatine; and land that is forest is 240 dessiatine. These three categories add up to 22,687 dessiatine. Poor quality land is 1,293 dessiatine.

Part B is a record of newly arrived Mennonite settlers in the years 1793, 1794, 1795 and 1796, and their designated places, showing the number of souls and their economic standing. The villages include: Schoenwiese, in the district of the fortress of Alexandrovsk; Kronsgarten, in the colony of Josephstal; and Chortitza, Rosental, Einlage, Kronsweide, Neuenburg, Neuendorf and Schoenhorst in Ekaterinoslav. Totals are given for Schoenwiese, Kronsgarten and the seven original villages, as well as a total for all newly arrived Mennonites.

Both parts A and B are signed by the following Russian officials:
Vice Governor Dischilrij _____, Governor Adviser Nikita Tjuremnikov, and Secretary Efrem Nedshaev. Part B is also signed by Assessor Stepan Mirapobutsch.

The format of the transcribed document has been preserved in this file. All names have been standardized. For example, Erhard in the original document has been entered as Gerhard, Janzon as Janzen, Ziemens as Siemens, Ertzen as Goertzen, Suterman as Suderman, Isbrecht as Giesbrecht, Erbrandt as Gerbrandt, etc.

Part A

The village of Chortitza

No.Family NameMaleFem.HousesHorses CattleSheepPigs
1.Wiebe, Isbrand321620 75
2.Wilhelms, Gerhard221423 - 8
3.Martens, Peter321419 - 9
4.Keller, Michael231-15 - -
5.Kob, Abraham141840 - -
6.Braun, Jacob33149- -
7.Isaak, Derk4211032 5-
8.Thiessen, Mrs. Heinrich (Peter)1-1-- - -
9.Schwart, Heinrich531619 - -
10.Wiebe, Peter131520 - 7
11.Reimer, Jacob111415 - -
12.Dick, Franz211521 - 8
13.Thiessen, Maria Widow31126- 9
14.Krahn, Johann221515 - -
15.Braun, Gerhard1-1-- - -
16.Siemens, Johann431419- -
17.Epp, David261720 - -
18.Breul, Peter11139- -
19.Derksen, David1213-- -
20.Loewen, David
(came in 1795)
1-1-1- -
21.Ens, Isaak211614 - -
22.Wiebe, Johann141833 - -
23.Ens, Johann621530 - -
24.Hepner, Peter121751 22-
25.Barg, Jacob361638 - -
26.Pauls, Johann111720 - -
27.Penner, Peter131422 - -
28.Dick, Heinrich531311 - -
29.Dick, Peter13149- -
30.Isaak, Peter211--- -
31.Harder, Jacob331515 - 3
32.Schellenberg, Johann321615 --
Total for Chortitza727332140 5612954

The village of Rosental

No.Family NameMaleFem.HousesHorses CattleSheepPigs
1.Klassen, Heinrich341610 51
2.Kasdorf, Isaak511610 5-
3.Wiebe, Peter511611 - 2
4.Schroeder, Johann231820 22
5.Neufeld, Daniel231313 - -
6.Wiens, Jacob221612 - 5
7.Klassen, Jacob241819 83
8.Neufeld, Gerhard231819 162
9.Barg, Johann161626 - -
10.Neufeld, Peter4211028 129
11.Friesen, Johann321512 - 3
12.Sawatsky, Kornelius221413 22
13.Warkentin, Peter221113 - 1
14.Wieller, Klass241820 - 2
15.Siemens, Peter221410 102
16.Epp, Peter231214 - 4
17.Niesen, Dietrich22129 - -
18.Lejke, Abraham121410 - -
19.Harder, Jacob131414 - 3
20.Sawatsky, Johann241712 - -
Total for Rosental475520108295 6041

The village of Insel Chortitza

No.Family NameMaleFem.HousesHorses CattleSheepPigs
1.Neufeld, Dietrich811832 - 3
2.Reimer, Johann321815 - 6
3.Peters, Peter121613 - -
4.Jacob Hepner2511855 20510
5.Hepner, Anton341426 - 7
6.Hilbrant, Peter211628 - 3
7.Krop, Michael131535 - 8
8.Ens, Kornelius111422 - 6
9.Ens, Peter111731 - 5
10.Wiens, Dietrich241625 - -
11.Unger, Peter411522 - 5
12.Ens, Heinrich211340 - 11
Total for Insel Chortitza30261280344 20564

The village of Einlage

No.Family NameMaleFem.HousesHorses CattleSheepPigs
1.Werner, Abraham331518 - 2
2.Rempel, Johann23139 - 8
3.Hiebert, Jacob3211011 - 21
4.Braun, Dietrich131610 - 6
5.Janzen, Leonhard24143 - -
6.Konrad, Abraham1---- - -
7.Niessen, Johann521611 - 7
8.Dyck, Heinrich121622 - 2
9.Ens, Peter331910 - 2
10.Sawatzky, Jacob321413 - 2
11.Siemens, Jacob24124- 2
12.Keller, Phillip221420 - 8
13.Neufeld, Peter521416 - 9
14.Schellenberg, Bernhard111- 8--
15.Friesen, Abraham25118 - -
16.Tilitzky, Johann12156 - -
17.Vogt, Jacob22135- -
18.Vogt, Jacob1-125- -
19.Wilhelms, Kornelius441613 - 7
20.Janzen, Sara Widow-1197- -
21.Neustaeter, Johann211615 - 5
22.Wilhelms, Heinrich33139 - -
23.Braun, Johann13177 - -
24.Janzen, Jacob62148- -
25.Wiens, Katharina Widow-11- 10-10
26.Wieller, Heinrich21127 - -
27.Janzen, Kornelius131612 - -
28.Penner, Isaak23138- -
29.Wiebe, Peter14124- -
30.Rempel, Isbrant11139 - 9
31.Wiebe, Heinrich211312 - -
32.Rempel, Wilhelm111-- - -
33.Rempel, Dietrich421617 - -
34.Wiebe, Jacob221223 - 20
35.Hiebert, Peter41123- -
36.Hiebert, Andreas1-1-2 - -
37.Reimer, Abraham (Deceased)
daughter Katharina
-1--- --
38.Isbrecht, Sara Widow12148- 6
39.Lemke, Jacob141511 - -
40.Wilke, Isaak21124- -
41.Wiebe, Peter (Deceased)
wife Maria
13138- 16
42.Isbrecht, Jacob111--- -
Heide, Klaas
less homestead
2311- --
Total for Einlage859142147384 - 149

The village of Kronsweide

No.Family NameMaleFem.HousesHorses CattleSheepPigs
1.Funk, Johann22169 --
2.Funk, Johann
(young)
1---- - -
3.Banman, Franz23128- -
4.Neufeld, Peter241318 84
5.Klassen, Katharina Widow121311 -7
6.Janzen, Julius1-1-- - -
7.Janzen, Heinrich42129 71
8.Unrau, Abraham72128 - 6
9.Schmidt, Peter11138- 2
10.Krahn, Kornelius431312 72
11.Von Riesen, Jacob1-1--- -
12.Von Riesen, Jacob4411231 3010
13.Vogt, Johann241-- - -
14.Franz, Kornelius231410 - -
15.Nikkel, Peter111356 -
16.Janzen, Adelgunde Widow331417 411
17.Kesler, Peter52149- 1
18.Siemens, Martin211518 276
19.Janzen, Heinrich331319 2515
20.Goetz, Jacob111421 - 4
21.Pauls, Kornelius221513 87
22.Pauls, Franz311415 - 9
23.Kauenhowen, Phillip331515 - 11
24.Hiebert, Kornelius531712 - 7
25.Heinrich, Isaak311519 - -
26.Arent, Heinrich331812 102
27.Kesler, Katharina Widow-21-- --
28.Neufeld, Hermann311417 - -
29.Harms, Johann231715 55
30.Goetz, Abraham321314 - 7
31.Thiessen, Andreas21149 - -
32.Falk, Johann111-3 - -
33.Schulz, David Children-21-- --
34.Siemens, Georg211--- -
Total for Kronsweide 816734115354 187117

The village of Neuenburg

No.Family NameMaleFem.HousesHorses CattleSheepPigs
1.Hiebert, Johann311716 - -
2.Lepp, Isaak22129- -
3.Wiens, Abraham341514 - -
4.Keller, Gerhard13147 - -
5.Loewen, Daniel281318 - -
6.Neufeld, Jacob121413 - -
7.Krahn, Georg41148 - -
8.Wieller, Johann22138 - -
9.Del, Peter321614 - -
10.Krahn, Abraham211917 7-
11.Janzen, Abraham221310 - -
12.Barkman, Franz341615 5-
13.Dyck, Johann41159 6-
14.Dyck, Phillip111619 - -
15.Neufeld, Peter221614 - -
16.Tilitzky, Peter211511 - -
Total for Neuenburg37381678202 18-

The village of Neuendorf

No.Family NameMaleFem.HousesHorses CattleSheepPigs
1.Klassen, Martin311719 - 4
2.Barkman, Isaak261417 42
3.Friesen, Abraham23148 105
4.Derksen, Solomon141312 - -
5.Heide, Helena Widow-11314 - 4
6.Wiebe, Jacob331919 127
7.Janzen, Abraham111611 - -
8.Peters, Johann521614 - -
9.Peters, Harm321410 - -
10.Dyck, Peter621516 - -
11.Dyck, Peter22139- -
12.Friesen, Kornelius121715 - -
13.Loewen, Michael21123 - -
14.Dyck, Nikolas121611 - -
15.DeFehr, Benjamin311510 32
16.Albrecht, Peter311512 31
17.Wiebe, Helena Widow231618 4-
18.Janzen, Kornelius331314 - 2
19.Derksen, David231210 - -
20.Regier, Peter221414 - 1
21.Redekop, Isaak211619 1-
22.Wilhelms, Peter24169- -
23.Klassen, Anton13169- 2
24.Hilbrant, Peter411421 6-
25.Reimer, Jacob241412 - -
26.Dyck, Abraham331611 - 5
27.Derksen, Abraham221410 - -
28.Dyck, Herman331614 - 2
29.Loewen, Bernhard22155 - 1
30.Derksen, Martin23169 - 2
31.Loewen, Jacob32158- -
32.Friesen, Peter341510 - -
33.Klassen, Franz421415 - -
34.Derksen, Jacob321311 - -
35.Sawatzky, Johann22156 - -
36.Derksen, Gerhard231513 - -
37.Friesen, Aron411310- -
38.Breil, Johann321514 - -
Total for Neuendorf948938182 4624340

The village of Schoenhorst

No.Family NameMaleFem.HousesHorses CattleSheepPigs
1.Zacharias, Wilhelm221621 7-
2.Peters, Johann251414 - -
3.Thiessen, Wilhelm241412 5-
4.Isbrecht, David321212 4-
5.Rempel, Peter251411 6-
6.Epp, Abraham3-127- -
7.Penner, Kornelius25139 - -
8.Friesen, Isbrant11148 8-
9.Friesen, Wilhelm131313 - -
10.Friesen, Gerhard231410 4-
11.Isbrecht, Wilhelm32119 - -
12.Rempel, Wilhelm2217733 8-
13.Schmidt, Johann431515 7-
14.Rempel, Bernhard431514 5-
15.Friesen, Isbrandt331516 7-
16.Neudorf, Abraham451316 2-
17.Rempel, Heinrich321315 - -
18.Thiessen, Jacob641619 12-
19.Thiessen, Johann221510 4-
20.Loewen, Wilhelm121612 4-
21.Redekop, David421311 9-
22.Teichreb, Johann62169 14-
23.Peters, Franz23149 4-
24.Friesen, Isbrandt221913 3-
25.Ens, Gerhard331613 10-
26.Braun, Gerhard33169 6-
27.Peters, Aron5414208 -
28.Isbrecht, Jacob141281 -
29.Lemke, Johann
remained from the
marriage of Mrs. Klassen
1---- - -
30.Dyck, Heinrich121-- - -
31.Keller, Peter211--- -
32.Wolf, Johann Children411-- --
33.Neufeld, Johann231312 - -
34.Dyck, Jacob41127- -
Bergen, Jacob
no homestead at
time of settlement
341320 - -
Total for Schoenhorst 959334130407 138-
All Mennonites541532228980 3012630 465

Part B

The village of Schoenwiese

No.Family NameMaleFem.HousesHorses CattleSheepPigs
1.Martens, Aron47- 41488
2.Janzen, Johann12- 3732
3.Arent, Niklas21- 563-
4.Falk, David42-563 -
5.Schapanski David
wife Katharina
12- 4743
6.Goerz, Nataniel51-68 - -
7.Penner, Peter23- 353-
8.Banman, Peter12- 2677
9.Janzen, Heinrich53- 55106
10.Goertzen, Daniel43- 482-
11.Janzen, Franz21- 2423
12.Lenke, Abraham12-25 - -
13.Ewert, Johann23- 4633
14.Funk, Johann53- 5596
15.Neufeld, Jacob12- 3331
16.Von Riesen, Kornelius1---- --
17.Janzon, Abraham51-2- - -
Total for Schoenwiese4638- 59956039

The village of Kronsgarten

No.Family NameMaleFem.HousesHorses CattleSheepPigs
1.Quiring, Abraham24- 512168
2.Bartel Miusin, Widow12- 4876
3.Goertzen, Stephen42-512 - 9
4.Nikkel, Johann24-415 - 12
5.Klassen, Franz12- 613810
6.Plener, Wilhelm12-415 - -
7.Klassen, Konrad11-416 - 8
8.Klassen, Johann14- 511109
9.Klassen, Konrad12- 513710
10.Janzen, Johann24- 412116
11.Bartel Miusin, Johann22-515 - 11
12.Klassen, Johann21- 61487
13.Klassen, Peter11- 31274
14.Janzen, Wilhelm22- 69512
15.Bartel Miusin, Jacob1-- 715139
Total for Kronsgarten2433- 7319286121

Newly arrived: various villages

No.Family NameMaleFem.HousesHorses CattleSheepPigs
1.Dyck, Jacob22-47- -
2.Sawatsky, Peter23-39- -
3.Dyck, Dietrich21-26 - -
4.Driedger, David31-25- -
5.Von Riesen, Arent12-47- 3
6.Siemens, Peter23-24- -
7.Neufeld, Salamon44-26 - -
8.Braun, Dietrich82-46 - -
9.Klassen, Peter33-35- -
10.Krahn, Klas42-916- -
11.Wall, Johann32-55 - -
12.Driedger, Johann52-39 - -
13.Baur, Edman53-38 - -
14.Rempel, Johann41-35 - -
15.Janzen, Bernhard23-36 - -
16.Penner, Gerhard21-24 - -
17.Krahn, Johann43-16 - -
18.Wiebe, Jacob33-49 - -
19.Neufeld, Herman33-311 - -
20.Friesen, Martin34-69 - -
21.Penner, Martin23-212 - -
22.Klassen, Julius14- 28- 2
23.Andreas, Jacob5--35- -
24.Epp, Heinrich52-49 - 1
25.Harder, Peter22-34- -
26.Epp, Peter43-510 - 2
27.Dyck, Abraham12-54 - -
28.Dyck, Heinrich33-28 - -
29.Gerbrandt, Dietrich35-32 - -
30.Ens, Jacob41-26- -
31.Wiens, Gerhard42-515 - 3
32.Wiens, Heinrich31-29 - -
33.Friesen, Abraham43-46 - -
34.Neufeld, Anna13--5- -
35.Wiens, Jacob22-48- -
36.Ginter, Abraham51-36 - -
37.Isaak, Peter31-25- -
38.Harder, Jacob13-48- -
39.Berg, Peter44-26- -
40.Hiebert, Johann25-66 - -
41.Ens, Martin23-412 - 1
42.Penner, Jacob53-49- 1
43.Penner, Heinrich44-39 --
44.Penner, Isaak12-38- 1
45.Neufeld, Jacob22-26- -
46.Heide, Klas43-38- -
47.Suderman, Aron44-37- -
48.Penner, Heinrich35-35 - -
49.Braun, Gerhard55-49 - -
50.Rempel, Peter11-26- -
51.Preis, Gerhard23-34 - -
52.Redekop, Wilhelm52-410 - 1
53.Reimer, Katharina Widow14- 59--
54.DeFehr, Isaak43-615 - -
55.Mantler, Peter32-57- -
56.Willer, Heinrich12-23 - -
57.Jansen, Paul51-24- -
58.Harder, Jacob33-47- -
59.Bargen, Jacob von52-44- -
60.Martens, Peter31-32- -
61.Neusteter, Peter12---- -
62.Bargen, Peter von12-22- -
63.Schellenberg, Paul33---- -
64.Bolt, Johann51--- - -
65.Ginter, Johann22--- - -
66.Dyck, Johann41--- - -
67.Penner, Gerhard42-26 - -
68.Lepp, Jacob21---- -
69.Lepp, Jacob21---- -
70.Lepp, Kornelius24--- - -
71.Janzen, Abraham22-24 - -
72.Kreker, Franz21---- -
73.Dyck, Phillip42--- - -
74.Petkau, Jacob42---- -
75.Wiebe, Peter32---- -
76.Peters, Jacob52-4-- -
77.Derksen, Jacob32-37- -
78.Wall, Jacob54---- -
79.Friesen, Peter31---- -
80.Hamm, Peter33---- -
81.Martens, Johann34-46 - -
82.Peters, Jacob44---- -
83.Friesen, Peter25-66- -
84.Klasson, Adata Widow44---- -
85.Penner, Katharina Widow15--- --
86.Suderman, Abraham51--- - -
Total for various villages266216- 223460- 15
Total for all newly arrived336287- 355747146175


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